Bone cancer stands amid some of the rarer types of cancers yet fatal and life-threatening. As the name says, bone cancer is the type of cancer that develops inside the bones as a result of its healthy cells turning malignant and reproducing at an abnormal rate.
Types of Bone Cancer
Bone cancer, especially primary bone cancer is the most serious of all. It directly develops in the bones and its surrounding tissues, including the cartilages and greatly affects their functionality.
Cancer can also spread from the bones to its surrounding areas, making the body weak and fragile. This, in another form, is known as secondary bone cancer and its’ more common amid people across the world than its counterpart.
Common types of Primary Bone Cancers
Typically, there are four main types of primary bone cancers. These are as follows.
Multiple Myeloma (MM)
While this is the most common type of bone cancer, it typically occurs when cancerous cells develop in the bone marrow and spread tumors as across the entire human system. Multiple myeloma is more prevalent in older adults than children, adolescents, and young individuals. Amid all types of bone cancers, Multiple myeloma has the best prognoses and most people affected by the disease do not require any treatment.
Osteosarcoma, or otherwise known as osteogenic sarcoma, it generally affects children and adolescents, but it’s prevalent in adults as well. The cancer type has the ability to originate at the tips of the long bones, especially the ones present in the arms and legs. Osteosarcoma may or can also develop in the hips, shoulders and other parts of the body. The disease mostly affects the hard tissues, which make the outer layers of the bones.
Chondrosarcoma cancer is more prevalent in the pelvic region, thighs, and the shoulders, especially in older adults. It generally develops in the sub-chondral tissues, which serve as the body’s tough connective tissues between the bones. Chondrosarcoma is the second most common type of primary cancer recognized by medical science.
It is a rare cancer that either develops in the soft tissues which envelope the bones or directly in the bones, especially of children and young adults. Common parts affected by this disease include, the long bones of the body, such as the arms and legs.
Symptoms of Bone Cancer
Bone cancer symptoms can range from mild to severe. Some common symptoms of this fatal disease are as follows:
- Presence of palpable hard mass in the long bones, especially of the limbs
- Feeling more tired or fatigued than usual
- Pain and swelling in the affected bones
Less common symptoms of bone cancer include:
- Easily broken bones
- Loss of weight
Causes of Bone Cancer
The basic causes of bone cancers are yet not clear to medical science. However, their speculations and studies prove that there are certain specific factors which can serve as major contributors to this problem. These include:
Abnormal Cellular Growth: The healthy cells of the body continuously grow, divide, …